What is Netball?
The major aim of the game is to score as many goals as possible from within an area called the Goal Circle which is a semi-circle on the goal line measuring 4.9m in radius (16ft). Only two players are allowed to shoot in this area from each team, the Goal Attack and Goal Shooter.
Netball is a fast skilful team game based on running, jumping, throwing and catching. Teams may consist of up to 12 players but only seven players may take the court at one time. Each player has a playing position determined by the areas of the court where they may move. The playing positions are; GS, GA, WA, C, WD, GD, and GK.
The playing area for each player is listed below:
|GOAL SHOOTER||GS||1, 2||To score goals, working in and around the goal circle with the GA|
|GOAL ATTACK||GA||1,2,3||To feed to and work with the GS to score goals|
|WING ATTACK||WA||2,3||Assisting C in the centre third and to feed to GA and GS in the goal circle, giving them scoring opportunities|
|CENTRE||C||2,3,4||Working with WA and GA to take the Centre Pass and to be the linking player between defenders and attackers|
|WING DEFENCE||WD||3,4||To look for interception opportunities, prevent the opposing WA from feeding their goal circle, and to act as a link from the defensive goal third into the centre third|
|GOAL DEFENCE||GD||3,4,5||To look for interception opportunities and reduce the effectiveness of the opposing GA. GD works with the GK in the goal third to prevent the GA and GS from scoring goals|
|GOAL KEEPER||GK||4,5||Working with the GD to prevent GA and GS from scoring|
So Why Netball?
Netball as an organised sport is played in various forms in most countries as a game of precision, timing and balance, agility and ball skill. Trust, communication, and team work play an important role in the game and can be used to encourage the development of social skills. Interest in netball ranges from the social game to the highly competitive and can involve both men and women.
The nature of the game encourages the development of all fundamental locomotor skills including running, jumping, landing, balance and agility.
- co-ordination skills, including hand-eye; judgement of speed , distance and space, precision and accuracy
- cognitive skills including decision making, lateral thinking and problem solving
- co-operation and communication between individuals
- social interaction in groups
- acceptance and understanding of individual difference
- the ability to a variety of life and sports context
Many aspects of netball are fundamental to the development of children’s movement and, therefore, it is regarded as a building block for movement development as well as a vehicle for pursuing elite performance.
The court comprises the primary playing area, the side and end run-offs and for certain categories spectator and team areas. The dimensions of the playing area are specified in the Official Rules of Netball, whilst the size of the side and end run-offs and team and spectator areas depends upon the layout of the courts and the category level it is designed to meet.
The layout of a court is shown in below:
Netball Courts may be laid out as single courts, in rows or end to end. Generally speaking courts should not be laid out in rows of more than four in one block. If courts are laid end to end it is recommended that a division fence separate the courts.
There is no preferred orientation for netball courts, and facilities should be designed to make the best possible use of available land. Designers should be aware, however, that if the courts are also to be used for tennis they should preferably be positioned with the courts running in a generally north/south orientation.
Gradients and surface regularity
Non-permeable courts should always be laid to a gradient to assist the removal of water. The gradient should be in a single plane and, where conditions permit, across the court. The gradient should be a minimum of 1:120 and a maximum of 1:100. To ensure the long-term performance of permeable surfaces it is also advisable to incorporate a gradient of between 1:200 and 1:120. The surface should also be laid without humps and hollows. This is particularly important where impervious surfaces are used, as any depression will hold water and allow puddles to develop.
A goalpost which shall be vertical and 3.05 meters (10 feet) high shall be placed at the mid-point of each goal line. A metal ring with an internal diameter of 380mm (15 inches) shall project horizontally 150 mm (6 inches) from the top of the post, the attachment to allow 150mm (6 inches) between the post and the near side of the ring. The ring shall be of steel rod 15mm (0.59 inches) in diameter, fitted with a net clearly visible and open at both ends. Both ring and net are part of the goalpost. Padding used on the goalpost shall not be more that 50mm (2 inches thin and shall start at the base of the goalpost and extend the full length of the post.
The Goalpost which shall be 65 mm – 100 mm (2.5 inches – 4 inches) in diameter should preferably be inserted into the ground or sleeved beneath the floor. The Goalpost shall be placed so that the back of the Goalpost is at the outside of the Goal Line.
To cater for young people’s Netball (Fun 5z) and Wheelchair Netball, goals should have adjustable net ring heights of 3.05m (10ft), 2.75m (9ft) and 2.44m (8ft).